This project is focus on the study of the Andalusian artists and pieces in Brazil and the United States. The former, integrated in the Portuguese kingdom, shared cultural ties with Spain and Andalusia; in fact, there was a time (1580-1640) when both crowns, Spanish and Portuguese, were joined. As far as the United States is concerned, much of its southern territory, from Florida to California, was part of the Hispanic kingdom. It experienced variations of population and cultural occupation throughout the Modern Age which implied the founding of cities, the building of civil and religious structures as well as the buying and selling of chattels. In contemporary times, the United States became one of the main locations of Spanish pieces or relocated structures that were brought to America either by purchase or plundering. Many of these pieces, now part of American museums and institutions, come from Andalusia.